A Grammar of Yami

8 Comparative Constructions
 8.1 Comparatives with reduplication
 8.2 Comparatives with affixation

  There are four common affixation processes to express comparatives: (1) prefix tey- ‘very, too' to stative ma- verbs, as shown in (140), (2) replace ma- with ji a- (originally the negative prefix for stative verbs) to indicate emphatic ‘very', as in (141), (3) add mipa- to the stative root to express ‘getting more and more', as in (142), or mipipa- to express ‘getting even more', as in (143), and (4) add ni- to the root to form a noun, modified by a Genitive pronoun to indicate superlative, as in (144).

 

(140) ko tey-má-tava rana.

1.S.NOM too-SV-fat already

‘I am too fat.'

(141) ya ji a-p í a o kakanan na.

AUX very SUB-good NOM taste 3.S.GEN

‘The taste (of the food) is very good.'

(142) ya rana mipa-pia o kakawan.

AUX already gradually-good NOM weather

‘The weather is getting better.'

(143) ya ji a-golang a, ya mipipa-tava a.

AUX NEG SUB-thin PAR AUX more.and.more-fat PAR

‘He is not thin but getting fatter.'

(144) ni-apia na o yaken.

most-good 3.S.GEN NOM 1.S.NOM

‘Mine is the best.'

note:The prefix tey- also indicates direction, e.g., tey-laod , ‘below', tey-rala ‘close to the inside', tey-ngato ‘above', and tey-rahem ‘underneath'.