A Grammar of Yami

6 Structure of Verbal Clauses
 6.1 Constructions with auxiliary verbs
 6.2 Constructions with multiple verbs
 6.3 The form of verbs
 6.4 Existential verbs

  Existential verbs contain two types: (1) with a Nominative complement and (2) without a Nominative complement. The former has two meanings: (1) someone or something exists or does not exist, as in (95)-(96) and (2) someone has or does not have something, as illustrated in (97)-(98). The latter, on the other hand, does not have a definite Nominative complement; therefore, the complement led by the Oblique case so is indefinite, as shown in (99)-(100).

(95) ya m-ian do vahay da o mavakes.

AUX AF-be.at LOC house 3.P.GEN NOM woman

‘The woman is at their house.'

(96) abo rana o kanen.

no already NOM food

‘The food is gone.'

(97) ya m-ian o savong no tamek do makaves.

AUX AF-have NOM flower GEN grass LOC woman

‘The woman has the flower.'

(98) ya abo o savong no tamek do mavakes.

AUX no NOM flower GEN grass LOC woman

‘The woman does not have the flower. The flower is not at the woman's place.'

(99) ya m-ian so tao do vahay da.

AUX AF-have OBL human LOC house 3.P.GEN

‘There is someone in their house.'

(100) abo so kanen.

no OBL food

‘(Someone who) has no food.'