A Grammar of Yami

1 Introduction
2 Phonology & Orthography
 2.1 Consonants and vowels
 2.2 Long consonant
 2.3 Stress
 2.4 Syllable structure

  The canonical syllable structure is (C)V(C). No consonant clusters are allowed except when the syllable onset contains a glide (CG)V(C). The vowels /i/ and /o/ are interpreted as glides /y/ and /w/, respectively, in roots when /i/ and /o/ are not stressed, e.g., siam [syam] ‘nine', ziak [zyak] ‘word, speech', rios [ryos] ‘bathe', boak [bwak] ‘split wood', and koat [kwat] ‘boiling hot'. Table 3 illustrates all the possible syllable types with examples.

Table 3: All possible syllable types in Yami

Consonant type

Yami

Gloss

V

o

Nominative case marker

V.V

ai

foot

V.VC

aon

take out food from a pot

V.V.CVC

aorod

front yard

VC

am

Topic marker

V.CV

ori

that

V.CVC

icoy

egg

VC.CV

agza

fast

V.CV.V

adoa

two

V.CV.VC

avoag

male animal

VC.CVC

abcil

famine

VC.CV.CVC

apnezak

morning

V.CV.CVC

aganas

mud slide

V.CV.CVC.CVC

alibangbang

flying fish

VC.CVC.CV

aktokto

thought

CV

da

3PG, their

CVC

bos

sound made to chase an animal away

CV.V

tao

human

CV.VC

kois

pig

CV.CV

ráko

big

CV.CV.V

kadai

millet 

CV.CV.CV

tatala

boat

CV.CVC

tawag

summon

CVC.CVC

sipzot

hit

CV.CV.VC

cilaos

make a hole

CV.CVC.CVC.V.CVC

balangbangapat

Cyclosoeus acuminata